Periodontal (Gum) Disease Management
Healthy gums are firm and pale pink. If your gums are puffy, dusky red and bleed easily, or show other signs or symptoms of periodontitis, see your dentist soon.
Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. Periodontitis can cause tooth loss or worse – an increased risk of heart attack or stroke and other serious health problems.
Caught in the early to moderate stages, the doctor will prescribe a schedule of regular professional cleanings to interrupt the progression of the disease. The goal of periodontitis treatment is to thoroughly clean the pockets around teeth and prevent damage and death of the surrounding tissues and bone. At 2 – 4 month intervals (depending on the severity of the disease) your hygienist will perform the following treatments;
- Scaling – Scaling removes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces and beneath your gums. It may be performed using instruments or an ultrasonic device.
- Root Planing – Root planing smoothes the root surfaces, discouraging further buildup of tartar and bacterial endotoxin.
- Antibiotics – Your dentist may recommend antibiotics to help control bacterial infection. Antibiotics may be necessary to completely eliminate infection-causing bacteria.
The sooner you seek care, the better your chances of reversing damage from periodontitis, potentially preventing complications and other serious health problems.You have the best chance for successful treatment when you maintain your regimen of professional cleaning and adopt a daily routine of good oral care, including regularly brushing, flossing and rinsing together with following a healthy diet.
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